Toleration and understanding in Locke by Nicholas Jolley
By Nicholas Jolley
Nicholas Jolley argues that Locke's 3 maximum works - An Essay relating Human figuring out, Treatises of presidency, and Epistola de Tolerantia - are unified by means of a priority to advertise the reason for non secular toleration. Jolley indicates how Locke makes use of the rules of his idea of data to criticize spiritual persecution.
summary: Nicholas Jolley argues that Locke's 3 maximum works - An Essay touching on Human figuring out, Treatises of presidency, and Epistola de Tolerantia - are unified by means of a priority to advertise the reason for spiritual toleration. Jolley indicates how Locke makes use of the foundations of his idea of data to criticize spiritual persecution
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Extra resources for Toleration and understanding in Locke
13 Is there perhaps, however, a connection of an oblique kind with the issue of toleration? A possible connection is that Locke’s early Rogers holds that there are many passages in draft B, draft C, and the ﬁrst edition of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding which reveal Locke’s deep concern for religious toleration and his hostility to persecution. (‘The Writing of Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding’, Locke’s Enlightenment, p. ) The claim is perhaps more convincing with regard to draft C and the ﬁrst edition of the Essay than with regard to the early draft B.
For one thing, Locke’s acceptance of the sufﬁcient condition seems cavalier, even facetious. And this brings us to the key point that Locke feels he can afford to be cavalier on this issue because he is conﬁdent that Proast’s sufﬁcient condition for justiﬁed coercion is not, and cannot be, satisﬁed where articles of revealed religion are concerned. e. is infallibly certain (for so is a man in what he knows), that his national religion is all true and knows also, that it has been proposed to those he punishes with sufﬁcient evidence of the truth of it: it would have been as good this power had never been given him, since he will never be in a condition to exercise it; and at best it was given him to no purpose, since those men who gave it him were one with another as little indisposed to consider impartially, examine diligently, study, ﬁnd, and infallibly know the truth, as he.
If no one can have such knowledge, then a fortiori the magistrate in England cannot have such knowledge. Magistrates are in the same epistemic position as their subjects: they can only believe these articles with more or less justiﬁcation. e. the true religion, you call it believing; but this in the magistrate you call knowing. Now let me ask you, whether any magistrate, who laid penalties on any who dissented from what he judged the true religion, or, as you call it here, were alienated from the truth; was or could be determined in his judging of that truth by any assurance greater than believing?