History 2

Transylvania in the Second Half of the Thirteenth Century: by Tudor Salagean

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By Tudor Salagean

In Transylvania within the moment 1/2 the 13th Century Tudor Salagean describes the deep modifications of a rustic that used to be the scene of a fierce resistance opposed to the nice Mongol invasion of 1241-1242. within the moment 1/2 the 13th century, with the increase of the provincial the Aristocracy, Transylvania redefines its inner political method, which reached its adulthood in the course of the rule of Ladislas Kan (1294-1315). the looks of a posh congregational approach, additionally accomplished during this interval, is hooked up with the statement of Regnum Transilvanum, which represents a old hyperlink among the early medieval regnum Erdewel of duke Gyula and the regnum transsilvaniensis of the Union of 1459, saying the increase of the early glossy Principality of Transylvania.

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The Hungarian nobility seems to have anticipated their intentions and this much can be deduced from their refusal to allow Kuthen’s Cumans to settle in Hungary, lest they antagonize the Mongols. Similar reasons might have led to a decrease in the influence exerted by the pontifical political instruments in this part of the world, in the years that followed the invasion. Both the Dominican order, very active in Eastern Europe 149 For a different opinion see G. Rogers, 15–20. 150 Rogers, “An Examination”, 21.

207 The importance of building a defensive system was clearly stated in a series of royal diplomas. 208 This policy seems to have become more popular between 1246 and 1248 when, confronted with the imminence of a second Mongol invasion, king Bela found himself with insufficient fortifications. It was probably within this time span that the count of Solnoc, Paul Geregye, started the construction of the two fortresses: Adrian (Adorján) and Piatra Şoimului (Sólyomkő). Arieşul de Câmpie fortress (Aranyos, Cheud commune), attested 202 R A 769, Kosztolnyik, Hungary, 187.

141 Dicţionarul mănăstirilor din Transilvania, Banat, Crişana and Maramureş. Edited by Adrian A. Rusu. Cluj-Napoca: Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2000: 101, 142, 157–158, 217–218. 142 Decei, Relaţii, 203. 30 CHAPTER 1 claimed additional distinctions and behaved accordingly. In fact, it was he who had defeated king Bela, while Büri reached his final target, the by now deserted area colonized by the Cumans, more than a month after Batu’s arrival in front of Buda. The Mongols seem to have failed in assessing the difficulties they would face in the process of invading Transylvania.

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