Unipolarity and World Politics: A Theory and its by Birthe Hansen
By Birthe Hansen
This new e-book bargains a coherent version of a unipolar global order.
Unipolarity is mostly defined both as a ‘brief second’ or as whatever traditionally insignificant. besides the fact that, we now have already visible approximately 20 years of digital unipolarity and this era has been of serious value for global politics.
Two matters were an important because the finish of the chilly struggle: how you can theorize the uniqueness and unprecedented personality of a unipolar overseas procedure? and what's it wish to behavior kingdom enterprise in a unipolar global? formerly, a finished version for unipolarity has been missing. This quantity presents a theoretical framework for research of the present international order and identifies the styles of results and systematic adaptations to be anticipated. Terrorism and makes an attempt via small states to accomplish a nuclear potential usually are not new phenomena or unique to the present international order, yet in relation to unipolarity those became connected to the terror of marginalization and the fight opposed to a robust centre with no the potential of allying with another superpower.
Supplying a coherent theoretical version for unipolarity, that may offer factors of developments and styles within the turbulent post-Cold battle period, this ebook could be of curiosity to scholars of IR concept, overseas protection and overseas policy.
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Extra info for Unipolarity and World Politics: A Theory and its Implications
States are inclined to free-Â�ride in the case of unipolarity, because the behaviour might be rewarded in the sense that the states are able to build up their own capabilities and avoid costs without being exposed to a rival superpower. The incentive for the other states to free-Â�ride regarding international management may force the single superpower to carry the costs of exhausting tasks. This may reduce the size of the superpower’s surplus capacity or encourage it to balance inwards in order to build up.
After arguing for the prevalence of the flocking/free-Â�riding dilemma over balancing, we must discuss when and how the dilemma unfolds. We argue that flocking and free-Â�riding co-Â�exist in a unipolar system. Depending on the context, the structure can encourage both of these outcomes and provides incentives for either strategy. They are both responses to the overwhelming strength and power of the single superpower, and the single option produces both kinds of outcomes. The dilemma, produced by the unique structure, also contributes to explaining the lack of counterbalancing against the United States.
An example of issue-Â�specific/soft balancing took place in connection with the 2003 war against Iraq. Some states, most notably France and Germany, opposed Unipolarity and balancingâ•‡â•‡ 29 the US policy, while close cooperation with the United States was maintained in many other areas. By free-Â�riding in relation to Iraq, France and Germany complicated the task for the United States and forced it to use more political, economic and military resources (Hansen 2003). Obviously, soft/issue-Â�specific balancing is not an outcome exclusive to unipolarity.