War in the Ancient World: A Social History by Yvon Garlan

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By Yvon Garlan

Here is a miles wanted learn of struggle as a social phenomenon, written through a professional on Greek fortifications and siege warfare.

Beginning with an extermination of the criminal points of battle in antiquity--the principles of war, rights of conquest, and peace treaties--Professor Yvon Garlan is going directly to think about army manpower, facing such themes as army aristocracies, the soldier-citizen, mercenaries, slaves and barbarians within the military and the army. a 3rd part describes army association, together with pay, tools of recruitment and coaching, the quartermaster method, and armed forces command. within the ultimate part, Professor Garlan discusses warfare and politics.

Although the e-book is worried with either the Greeks and the Romans over an unlimited time period, from Homeric society to the later Roman Empire, it's neither strictly chronological no merely summary. the writer has chosen key issues for distinctive research that, by means of modern money owed, remove darkness from the topic as a whole.

This booklet might be of curiosity not just to classicists and historians, but in addition to all these attracted to the half performed via struggle within the evolution of society.

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The mdi~Idu­ ality and personality of the triumphator. A kmd of climax appears to have been reached by the end of the third century, by Scipio Africanus after his victory over Carthage : All who were in the procession wore crowns. Trumpeters led the advance and wagons laden with spoils. Towers were borne along representing t:he captured cities, an~ pictur~s showing the exploits of the war; then gold and silver com and bullion and whatever else they had captured of that kind· then 'came the crowns that had been given to the gene~al as a reward for his bravery by cities, by allies or by the army itself.

Itic~l \state) phenomena reinforced one another. War became mstrtutronalised and, at the same time, imprinted a military character upon state structures. *Die Staatsvertrage des Altertums, vol. III, ed. H. H. Schmitt, No. 511, lines 4-8. t Inscriptiones Graecae IX l", 2, 241 lines 4-21. 77 THE MILITARY SOCIETIES 2 The Military Societies In antiquity only a minority of the male population was normally engaged in military operations. The low level of the forces of p~oduction made it impossible for mobilisation to pass a certam threshold, lower than in modern times, without jeopardising the very existence of the community.

This, as we shall see later, explains the gradual change in the methods of combat characteristic of these social groups, the transmission, with some modifications, to the whole citizen body of the ethics of military valour which had developed 85 WAR IN THE ANCIENT WORLD THE MILITARY SOCIETIES within the warrior confraternities. In Rome, this process of 'normalisation' is often expressed in the narrative of the origins of the Republic by an internal tension within the group of warriors torn between loyalty to their own character and the need to become integrated in the new social order.

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