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Writing the Rules for Europe: Experts, Cartels, and by Wolfram Kaiser, Johan W. Schot

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By Wolfram Kaiser, Johan W. Schot

Applied sciences have created an important connections throughout borders requiring new kinds of rules. This ebook analyzes how specialists, cartels and foreign companies have written the foundations for Europe when you consider that round 1850. in response to clean learn within the files of a number of overseas enterprises and eu nations it explores the "hidden integration" of Europe – sorts of integration that weren't consistently obvious, yet affected the voters of Europe of their daily lives. Richly illustrated and engagingly written, the publication de-centers the present-day eu Union in a brand new long term knowing of ecu integration.

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Sample text

Government never actually nationalized telegraphy, it did keep the telegraph companies under strict supervision. 38 At first sight, therefore, it seems surprising that the Telegraph Union could become a model for technocratic internationalist practices. 39 While such mutual interests were a necessary precondition for cooperation, they alone did not (and do not) account for the success of any particular organization and the broad mandate that many of them acquired. In the nineteenth century, governments wanted to connect their networks, but they disagreed and competed over how best to do this.

In fact, and surprisingly perhaps, globalization and the domestic European policies of privatization and market liberalization have fostered the renewed rise of technocratic internationalism and contributed to a greater role of experts in making rules for Europe—at a time when many transnational organizations were struggling to stay relevant in a globalizing world. European companies and social groups can only influence the setting of norms and standards if they ally themselves with the EU as a powerful international actor.

Clerks literally carried them from one country to another. This process was cumbersome and often also required the message’s translation—a serious potential source of misunderstandings and friction. All such border crossings had to be arranged by bilateral diplomatic treaties, moreover. These problems were most tedious in the fragmented German lands. In 1850, Austria and several German states therefore created an organization, the Austro-German Telegraph Union, which required its members to link their wires into a network.

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